Charles University and Charles IV.
Prague has a long history and welcomed many famous people – kings, artists, scientists – in the past. But there is one personality, who did more than others. His name was Charles IV and he was the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, king of the Romans, king of Bohemia, count of Luxembourg and margrave of Brandenburg.
He was sent to the French courtyard when he was six years old. That was important for the future of Prague, because Charles IV used his experience and knowledge gained in France to build a brand new city here in the Czech lands. In 1347 he was confirmed as a King of Bohemia and he could have started hard work here. First of all, he moved the capital of the Holy Roman Empire to Prague, which brought the city inexpressible fame never experienced before.
1348 was the most important year for Prague´s future. Because Prague became a capital, Charles IV wanted the city to look as magnificent as it possibly could. On the 8th March he issued a foundation charter of the New Town. This quarter gradually received similar privileges as the Old Town had. Because of the New Town, Prague became a metropolis and one the biggest cities in Europe. He issued more charters during this year, one from the 7th May concerning foundation of the Charles University.[one_half last=”no”][pro_ad_display_adzone id=”4″][/one_half][one_half last=”yes”][pro_ad_display_adzone id=”3″][/one_half]The Charles University was inspired by the Bologna and Paris University. It had four faculties in the beginning: Faculty of Theology, Faculty of the Liberal Arts, Faculty of Law and Faculty of Medicine. In the 17th century, the university joined the anti-Hapsburg opposition and was connected with the Jesuit University in Klementinum. Also the name was changed to Charles-Ferdinand University (because of Ferdinand III). In 1882, the university was divided into two parts: the Czech (called simply the Charles University) and the German University. During the Second World War, the university must have finished its activity. The German University was cancelled with the fall of the Nazi Empire. During the communism era, the free development was repressed so the Charles University could have evolved after the Velvet Revolution.
As for the other benefits for Prague, at the Prague Castle Charles IV restored the Royal Palace – the building was enlarged towards the north and the west which caused obtaining new space for the reception rooms. He also changed the Gothic style of the building into the Romanesque.
Prague and all Czech people will always remember him.