History of Prague
The history of Prague covers even more than a 1000 year. During this period the city grew from the Vyšehrad Castle to the capital of the Czech Republic and at the same time the capital of a modern European country.
Prague: History since the Palaeolithic Age
Since the Palaeolithic Age the place came to be built. There were trade routes connecting southern parts of northern Europe to southern Europe that passed via this area and followed the course of this river. The Boii was the first inhabitants of this part of land who were known by name. They came about 500 BC and they belonged to the Celtic tribe. They gave their name to the region of Bohemia and also the river – Vltava. Another tribe, the Germanic one, called Marconni, migrated into Bohemia with their king – Maroboduus (9 AD). In this time some Celts migrated to the south and some of them stayed here and assimilated with the Germanic tribe, Marcomanni. However, in 568, majority of the Marcomanni migrated to the south with another Germanic tribe called Lombards. Those who remained assimilated with the invading West Slavs. We know about West Slavs due to the Byzantine historian Prokopios who wrote about the presence of the Slavs in Bohemia in 512 AD.
Prague: The legend about the Princess Libuše
The legend says that the Princess Libuše, who was the sovereign of the Czech tribe, married Přemysl, who was a ploughman and they founded the dynasty that carred this name.
Libuše could see many prophecies from her castle Libusin. The castle was located in central Bohemia. There is told that she foresaw the glory of Prague: „I see a vast city, whose glory will touch the star! I see a place in the middle of a forest where a steep cliff rises above the Vltava River. There is a man, who is chiselling the threshold, they will bow to the castle and to the city around it. It will be honoured, favoured with great repute, and praise will be bestowed upon it by the entire world.“