The Munich Agreement 1938
Sudetenland was made
The Munich Agreement was a permitting Nazi Germany’s annexation of Czechoslovakia along the borders of our country, which was inhabited mainly by people who spoke German. For this reason a new territorial designation Sudetenland was made.
When the Munich Agreement did took place: This fatal agreement took place at the conference in Munich (in Germany) without the presence of our republic, Czechoslovakia (“About us, without us.”) In these days the act is widely regarded as misstep towards Germany. This act was signed on 30 September 1938 (however it was dated on 29 September). Adolf Hitler wanted to discuss the future of the grabbed areas, Sudetenland. He claimed this area because of ethnic demands.
The importance of Sudetenland: The Munich Agreement was signed by France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. The area – Sudetenland – was of a great importance to our republic because most of our border’ defence was located in here and it was a seat of a lot of banks and heavy industry was centralised in Sudetenland.
Munich Dictate or the Munich betrayal: Czechoslovakia felt it had been betrayed by France and the United Kingdom as it was not invited to the agreement. For this reason the Munich Agreement is also called the Munich Dictate or the Munich betrayal. And the military alliance of Czechoslovakia, The United Kingdom and France proved to be useless.
Capitulation of the government of Czechoslovakia: We were informed by France and the UK that we could resist Germany alone or Czechoslovakia could submit the annexations. Our government capitulated on 30 September and Germany became settle the Sudetenland. In fact, Hitler took control over the rest of Czechoslovakia even if he promised not to go further. This was one of the first victory of Nazi German.